Why American men may have less luck finding a job than women

Why American men may have less luck finding a job than women

If you’re looking for a job, consider these industries

If you’re searching for a job, the odds of finding one may depend on your gender.

Overall, occupations that are more than 80% female are projected to grow at nearly twice the rate of jobs that are at least 60% male between 2014 and 2024, according to research out this week from the jobs site Indeed and its chief economist, Jed Kolko. The site researched Bureau of Labor Statistics and found that many are jobs that are traditionally dominated by women — including occupational therapy assistants, physical therapy assistants and nurse practitioners — are growing at the fastest rate. They will grow at about a 40% rate, compared to an overall rate of 6.5% for all jobs.

In fact, all of the fastest-growing jobs for women were healthcare-related.

Fastest-growing female-dominated jobs Projected employment growth from 2014 to 2024
Occupational therapy assistants and aides 40%
Physical therapy assistants and aides 40%
Nurse practitioners and nurse midwives 35%
Physical therapists 34%
Physician assistants 30.5%
Audiologists 28%
Occupational therapists 27%
Personal care aides 26%
Phlebotomists 25%
Nursing, psychiatric and home health aides 24.5%

Among male-dominated jobs, some are growing faster than others. Indeed tried to find out which traditionally male jobs will grow and found that ambulance drivers and attendants came out on top, with 33% employment growth expected from 2014 to 2024. They were followed by personal finance advisers, with 29.6% growth expected during the same period, followed by web developers (26.6%), emergency medical technicians and paramedics (24%) and computer and informational research scientists (20.9%).

At the same time, manufacturing and agriculture, which have traditionally employed more men than women, are projected to lose jobs in the next decade. The BLS projects the U.S. will lose about 282,000 production jobs between 2014 and 2024, or 3% of all production-related jobs. There will also be a dip of about 6%, or 47,500 jobs, in agriculture between 2014 and 2024, BLS predicts. Some traditionally female-dominated jobs are also shrinking: Telephone operators, switchboard operators and sewing machine operators are expected to fall by around 43%, 33% and 27% respectively between 2014 and 2024.

Fastest-growing male-dominated jobs Projected employment growth from 2014 to 2024
Ambulance drivers and attendants (except EMTs) 33%
Personal finance advisers 30%
Web developers 27%
EMTs and paramedics 24%
Computer and informational research scientists 21%
Biomedical and agricultural engineers 21%
Brickmasons, block masons, stonemasons and reinforcing iron and rebar workers 19%
Actuaries 18%
Industrial and refractory machinery mechanic 19%
Information security analysts 18%

Of course, men and women don’t have to stick to careers generally dominated by their own genders, Kolko said. In fact, men with higher levels of education are less likely to work in jobs that are male-dominated, he said. But the job market does remain somewhat segregated. More than one-third of men work in occupations that are at least 80% male and 31% of women work in occupations that are least 80% female, according to Census data.

Given that “women’s” jobs are growing more quickly, men could enter those fields, Kolko said. There are various theories for why they don’t, including the fact that female-dominated jobs actually tend to pay less overall. In fact, when more women tend to enter a certain field and it becomes more female dominated, pay in those professions drop, according to a study by researchers at Stanford, New York University and the University of Pennsylvania.

Between 1950 and 2000, as women started to become designers in large numbers, pay in that profession fell 34 percentage points, their study showed. Wages for housekeepers fell 21 percentage points and those for biologists fell 18 percentage points. As women entered the field of recreation, including working in parks or summer camps, pay fell 57 percentage points between 1950 and 2000.


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